U.S. Federal Courts and Subject-Matter Jurisdiction

On November 30, 2017, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia dis­missed the case Jimenez v. Colombian State for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. The plaintiffs consist of three Ecuadorian citizens who filed a complaint against Co­lom­bia, accusing the government of Columbia of denying the fundamental human rights of Plaintiffs Prado Alava and Vera Calderón in violation of a peace deal between the government and the allgedly subversive group FARC-EP. The plaintiffs asked that the court study and evaluate this case. United States federal courts have limited jurisdiction and are only able to hear cases based on whether or not the court has subject-matter jurisdiction. Therefore, the court was unable to review this case. The court does not have the ability to enforce the peace treaty that the plaintiffs referred to, and thus could not rule in either par­ty's favour. The only means by which subject-matter jurisdiction can arise…

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