Miami Federal Judge Imposes Longest Sentence Ever For Medicare Fraud – 50 Years – On Executive Of Mental Health Care Company

Mr. Lawrence Duran – Sentenced to 50 Years After a 3-day sentencing hearing, Miami resident Lawrence Duran, the owner of a mental health care company, American Therapeutic Corporation (ATC), was sentenced on September 16, 2011 to 50 years in prison by U.S. District Judge James Lawrence King in the Southern District of Florida. This case arose from an alleged $205 million Medicare fraud scheme by a chain of Miami-based mental health clinics. Judge King ordered Mr. Duran to pay more than $87 million in restitution, jointly and severally with his co-defendants. Mr. Duran was also sentenced to three years of supervised release following his prison term. Mr. Duran's lawyer, Lawrence Metsch, urged the judge to be realistic and give him a sentence between 20 and 25 years, arguing that 50 years means a "death sentence because he would die in prison." But Judge King sided with the government's push for the extraordinarily high sentence, saying there is a "critical need for deterrence against healthcare fraud" in South Florida, the nation's capital of Medicare corruption. Previously, the highest Medicare fraud sentence was 30 years – given in 2008 to a Miami physician, Ana Alvarez-Jacinto, convicted in an HIV-therapy scheme. 35 year sentence for Ms. Valera. On September 19, 2011, Judge King sentenced co-defendant, Marianella Valera, the other owner of ATC and Mr. Duran's girlfriend, to 35 years in prison and ordered her to pay the $87 million in restitution, jointly and severally. This was another long sentence. Miami judges, who were known for long sentences in large drug cases are not treating Medicare fraud cases any differently. Thus, where a defendant is charged can determine his or sentence or exposure to a sentence if they do not win at trial. Plea Agreement After Superseding Indictment. These sentences came after a plea agreement. On April 14, 2011, Mr. Duran and Ms. Valera pleaded guilty to all counts charged in a superseding indictment, which was unsealed on Feb. 15, 2011. The superseding indictment charged Duran with 38 felony counts and Valera with 21 felony counts, including conspiracy to commit health care fraud, health care fraud, conspiracy to pay and receive illegal health care kickbacks, conspiracy to commit money laundering, money laundering and structuring to avoid reporting requirements. One co-defendant went to trial and was convicted by a jury. Mr. Duran and Ms. Valera were remanded to the custody of the U.S. Marshals Service after their arrest on Oct. 21, 2010, and have been detained since that time since there was concern that they were a flight risk. Their assets were frozen at the time of their arrests through civil forfeiture proceedings. ATC and Medlink pleaded guilty in May 2011 to conspiracy to commit health care fraud. ATC also pleaded guilty to conspiracy to defraud the United States and to pay and receive illegal health care kickbacks. In pleading guilty, Mr. Duran and Ms. Valera admitted that they orchestrated and executed a scheme to defraud Medicare beginning in 2002 and continuing until they were arrested in October 2010. Duran and Valera submitted false and fraudulent claims to Medicare through ATC, a Florida corporation headquartered in Miami that operated purported partial hospitalization programs (PHPs) in seven different locations throughout South Florida and Orlando. A PHP is a form of intensive treatment for severe mental illness. Mr. Duran and Ms. Valera also used a related company, American Sleep Institute (ASI), to submit fraudulent Medicare claims. According to court documents, Mr. Duran, Ms. Valera and others paid bribes and kickbacks to recruit Medicare beneficiaries to attend ATC and ASI and billed Medicare for treatments purportedly provided to these recruited patients. According to court documents, the treatments were medically unnecessary or never provided at all. Mr. Duran and Ms. Valera supported the kickbacks through an extensive money laundering scheme that aimed to conceal the illicit conversion of Medicare payments to cash. Mr. Duran, Ms. Valera and others admitted they paid kickbacks to owners and operators of assisted living facilities (ALFs) and halfway houses and to patient brokers in exchange for delivering ineligible patients to ATC and ASI. In some cases, the patients received a portion of those kickbacks. They and others actively recruited ALF and halfway house owners and operators and patient brokers. Throughout the course of the ATC and ASI conspiracy, millions of dollars in kickbacks were paid in exchange for Medicare beneficiaries, who did not qualify for PHP services, to attend treatment programs that were not legitimate PHP programs so that ATC and ASI could bill Medicare for more than $205 million in medically unnecessary services. Alteration of patient records also played a role in this case. According to the superseding indictment to which they pleaded guilty, Mr. Duran, Ms. Valera, and others caused the alteration of patient files and therapist notes for the purpose of making it falsely appear that patients being treated by ATC qualified for PHP treatments. According to court documents, Mr. Duran and Ms. Valera also instructed employees and doctors to alter diagnoses and medication types and levels to make it falsely appear that ATC patients qualified for PHP services. Mr. Duran, Ms. Valera, and others charged as co-conspirators caused doctors to refer ATC patients to ASI even though the patientsdid not qualify for sleep studies. According to the superseding indictment to which they pleaded guilty, the defendants also engaged in a money laundering conspiracy to enrich themselves and to provide cash for the millions of dollars in kickbacks paid to recruit Medicare beneficiaries. According to court documents, they used another company they owned and operated, Medlink, to conceal the health care fraud and kickbacks from Medicare and law enforcement. Once Medicare paid ATC and ASI for the fraudulently billed services, Mr. Duran, Ms. Valera, and others transferred millions of dollars to Medlink. They and others opened phony corporations to receive checks and wire transfers from both ATC and Medlink to convert that money into cash for their personal enrichment and for the payment of kickbacks. According to court documents, Mr. Duran, Ms. Valera, and others cashed checks at different bank branches and different locations to conceal the true purpose of their activities and to evade reporting requirements. Posted by Tracy Green, Esq. Please email Ms. Green at or call her at 213-233-2260 to schedule a complimentary 30-minute consultation. Ms. Green's office at Green and Associates is located at 801 South Figueroa Street #1200, Los Angeles, CA 90017. Any questions or comments should be directed to Tracy Green, a very experienced California health care fraud attorney and California Medicare fraud attorney at The firm focuses its practice on the representation of licensed professionals, individuals and businesses in civil, business, administrative and criminal proceedings. They have a specialty in representing licensed health care providers and in health care fraud related matters in California and throughout the country. Their website is:

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