Is Divorce a Civil Case?

Generally speaking, there are two types of cases: criminal cases and civil cases. Criminal cases are initiated by a government prosecutor against a person or organization who has broken federal, state, or local laws. Civil cases are typically between private parties, encompassing everything outside of criminal matters from family law to probate and small claims. As divorce (dissolution of marriage) cases fall under the umbrella of family law, divorce cases are considered a civil case. In Arizona, family law also covers child custody, child support, guardianship, and adoptions. What is Civil Court? In Arizona, civil law deals with Arizona laws that pertain to the rights of private citizens. Most cases involve legal disagreements between individuals, partnerships, corporations, and businesses, but they can include state or local government entities.  Arizona civil courts cover a wide variety of cases, including name changes, divorce (dissolution of marriage), small claims,…

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