In today’s world, the significance of diplomatic immunity has increased a great deal. It’s a common belief that foreign diplomats, their staff and immediate members of the family cannot belong to the local laws and conditions, which the truth is, is very untrue. In the following paragraphs, we are trying to explain this is of diplomatic immunity and it is importance.
What is the meaning diplomatic Immunity?
Diplomatic immunity is a type of legal protection and protection, then the governments to ensure the security and safety of foreign diplomats while giving them a sound system to operate within the foreign soil. Under this immunity, an overseas diplomat can’t be punished or arrested underneath the local laws and order. Further, diplomats can’t be prosecuted or susceptible to lawsuits within the host country.
The idea of diplomatic immunity was agreed underneath the Vienna Convention in 1961 because the international laws. Generally, it’s thought that diplomatic immunity encompasses a diplomat from every odd but actually it is quite different. In fact, only certain foreign diplomats are responsible for such immunity services. It’s more of a courtesy or customary law extended to foreign diplomats to operate freely in a foreign land.
Every country includes a definite policy clearly mentioned in her policy manuals. Under this technique, its not all foreign official or employee can also enjoy full diplomatic immunity. However, a recognized foreign diplomat and his or her immediate household is entitled to full immunity, although even diplomats can receive traffic tickets.
Also, administrators and technical personnel working closely with a foreign diplomat are included under diplomatic immunity, but service staff members might not have any legal protection.
For officer and staff working in the consular level, protections under the rules of diplomatic immunity are extremely few unlike diplomatic personnel and staff. Diplomats and consulate officers can’t be instructed to act as a witness in the court concerning any official acts, but consular officers can be testify as witnesses.
In practice, diplomats respect the laws of the countries they work. It means, in case they (diplomat or his member of the family) involve inside a crime, the concerned country can declare the offender persona non grata, meaning he or she is not welcomed anymore in the country.
To safeguard the rights of diplomats further, countries issue diplomatic passport or second passport. Under this passport, diplomats enjoy exclusive treatments and special rights in foreign soil.
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