Researchers identify pregnancy conditions that increase the risk of neonatal hypoxia

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), a type of newborn brain damage caused by oxygen deprivation during or around the time of birth, has been linked to a variety of pregnancy conditions. Inna Skarga-Bandurova and colleagues in the Ukraine recently published a study on risk factors for chronic fetal hypoxia (i.e. long-term oxygen deprivation). They analyzed data from 186 pregnant women between 12 and 38 weeks of gestation. Among these women, 81 babies had neonatal hypoxia and 105 did not. Skarga-Bandurova et al. found that the following combination of parameters increased the risk of neonatal hypoxia: Increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) at 21 weeks of pregnancy Low/normal ESR at 30 weeks of pregnancy Low placental grading at 30-38 weeks of pregnancy Normal placental thickness at 30-38 weeks of pregnancy Higher amniotic fluid index (AFI) at 30-38 weeks of pregnancy Other risk factors for hypoxia and HIE There are a wide variety of pregnancy complications and fetal…

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